Posted in Uncategorized

Second page


Peoples democracy front for justice (2016). HISTORY OF ERITREA FROM ANCIENT TIMES TO INDEPENDENCE. Asmara, Eritrea: Awghet bookstores. 1-219.

This is a text book used to teach Eritrean college students the basic history starting from the pre historic times. I have gained the knowlege from this text when and where migration happened and what colonilism has contributed to their societies traditions.

Geography Now. (2016). Geography Now! Eritrea. Available: Last accessed 21-05-2017.

n/a. (2016). Contestants. Available:!. Last accessed 20-15-2017.

shabait Administrator. (2014). Eritrea’s 9 ethnic groups. Available: Last accessed 21-05-2017.


LUCY WATERLOW FOR MAILONLINE. (2014). Meet the ‘gypsies of the desert’: Photographer gains rare insight into lives of the nomadic Rashaida where girls are betrothed at six and most modern technology is shunned Read more: http://www.dai. Available: Last accessed 22-05-2017.




Posted in Uncategorized

First page

  • What you have accomplished in your first two years at Coventry,?Within the first two years at Coventry university, I have accomplished projects I never thought I would, dived into a diverse range of genres, platforms including short films, documentaries and even hold events/exhibitions. When I started out my only goal was to make films not knowing the endless possibilities beyond camera operating. For example during the module “Professional experience” The task was to get into groups to create an exhibition showcasing our previous work beneath one underlying theme. Our theme was ‘going for your dreams’ under the form of documentary, I can understand why people would not be engaged meaning we had to come up with innovative ways to attract audience. In the end we made a type of 4d experience involving taste, smell sound and interacting with our viewers so that they could leave feeling affected. These skills I learnt are extremely transferable beyond the exhibition module as there are elements of producing in terms of sorting out the budget, contacting participants, consent forms, locations scouting and even in terms of marketing which will definitely be useful when carrying out any personal projects.
    February this year ‘2017’ I had the opportunity in global experience to fly out to Portugal and produce a project of our own and last year we went to Amsterdam to film a VT for the TV studio module. These are not only accomplishments but experiences I don’t think I’d be able to accumulate anywhere else contributing to the success of my portfolio increasing the chance of my employability.
  • (2) what skills you would like to develop in your final yearI have come so far however, there is so much more to learn. The main skill I would love to develop is independence, especially because I’ll be working on my fmp which I hope to be a representation of the quality of work I can produce in the professional world.  Understanding each aspect that goes into making an independent film and making my mistakes now so that It doesn’t happen again when I leave university. Once finishing final year I would have like to be equipped with the most important skill, storytelling, being able to articulate my piece of work in a way that affects the viewer’s emotions getting the exact message I want across. As of right now I contain the basics of editing, videography, in future, I’d like to capitalise on what I know using it like a weapon of destruction. Manipulating the theory inventing a new style unique to my work. Lastly, communication is key, specifically in developing my skills as a cinematographer. The director of photography’s role consists of liaising with the gaffer  ( who deals with lighting) and the camera operator (who carries out the shots) communication skills ensure that your plans are thoroughly implemented and just makes a better working relationship.
  • (3) a discussion of how your final group project for this class can help you apply or develop these skills.
    The final group project has been the beginning in developing my skills and has been the start of my FMP research as my plan is to film a documentary in Eritrea. What this project has allowed me to do is look more into the history of the people, which I am sure will benefit me when it comes to representing the people of Eritrea fairly. Self-reliance while working in a team was another skill I developed because although we are all working together we have separate roles and responsibilities. The sky is the limit with this project, whatever you want to do can be done meaning I’m able to apply photography skills with my photo lookbook, videography skills with the future documentary I want to create and apply the knowledge I have from the research to form a strong serviceable product.
Posted in Uncategorized

How has this experience and expert advice influenced your perceptions about the professional world? (500 words max)


How has this experience and expert advice influenced your perceptions about the professional world? (500 words max)

Outline details of how working on placements has strengthened your skills and professionalism. Give details on how the guidance and feedback you have gained from the industry professionals (this can be feedback from experts on Masterclasses and those you have worked on during your placements) may shape your future career goal. What have you learnt and what do you hope to achieve moving forward?

Working on placement has had a huge impact on me, it absolutely strengthened my skills and enhanced my professionalism carving my idea on what attributes exactly is needed in order to achieve success in the industry.

Especially in terms of freelance it can be difficult, also inconsistent when looking for jobs, they do not come to you, characteristics wise I’d need to be out going using my own initiative to search for jobs as they aren’t guaranteed. However, what I learnt is the better your portfolio becomes the easier it gets to find work. Placement has given that slight ease and convenience in having the ability to get experience, build a portfolio without compromising University time.

Positive feedback from industry professionals undeniably motivates me to do well. When I was working in the Netherlands at the conference I was the youngest by at least 15 years, they knew nothing about me but they trusted me with such a big role for such an important event. Their confidence in me gave me courage, also after every break, the director would come up to me to express how well I was doing and what I need to do next time to achieve a better outcome for the next take. Shaping my knowledge on the best way to frame and shaping my idea on what I may want to do in the future which is a  director of photography.

Meera’s Masterclass was helpful and a big role model in terms of her being in the same situation as me but being able to achieve so much. She has done professional experience and knows from the students perspective. Meera instilled the concept of no fear of rejection, constantly sending out emails to industry professionals whether it be for feedback or for placements, it’s always best to try because the probability of them replying may be small but it is still there so in that sense you have nothing to lose.

In terms of cinematography, I used to believe in order to create a masterpiece you need up to date expensive equipment. Reed O’Beirne in his master class showed me how amazing as an artist you can be by experimenting with different cameras while developing your own style. As he has shot whole films using super-8’s, a motion film camera, he mentions how it gives you an understanding of the film history plus its process making oneself a better filmmaker for it. in that sense he is essentially telling us that research is key.

I’ve learnt how to conduct myself within the industry through observing other professionals and the positive mindset you need to be a freelancer is essential because it is very tough, stress may come as the future is uncertain. In future, I would love a placement in a big media institution so I’m exposed to that side of the industry but this experience gave me independence and reassurance that I’m choosing the right path. Hopefully, I too achieve recognition like these amazing role models.

Posted in Uncategorized

Details of the research conducted during this module (400 words max)

Details of the research conducted during this module (400 words max)

What made you choose that particular role? Comment on any research you conducted to find this role and the skills required for it (this can include talking to people already in the industry or reading information on specialist websites).

Majority of the time during my professional experience I was a camera operator/ Cinematographer and I chose this role because of my previous experience. One of our other modules ‘short film’ really exposed me to the world of the director of photography and I just wanted to feel the environment in a more professional setting. As the DOP you have the opportunity to be so creative with how the shot looks, which I was drawn to.

____ mentions the conceptual tools of cinematography “not the physical tools of filmmak ing: the camera, dolly, the lights, cranes and camera mounts” because anybody can buy equipment but it is about knowing the skills because you can create something better on an iPhone compared to someone who doesn’t know the conceptual tools using a red camera. Blain Brown talks on how the

“• The frame
• Light and color                                                                                                                                    • The lens
• Movement
• Texture
• Establishing
• POV”

all are fundamental parts to consider when taking on such a huge role at the end of the day we want people to enjoy or react positively to our work whether that is sad or happy if they are engaged that you are successful. I  had to incorporate this information within my roles like the advertisements for the Falafel and Shin Ramen restaurant because it can be hard to retain the attention of the public when all you are screening is food, tables and buildings. As a cinematographer, I had to use “movement” for example with the slider to give it a bit of a Hollywood cinematic feel already adding a sense of professionalism.


Throughout of the course of my professional experience, I delved into roles I hadn’t had much experience with such as creating a poster on photoshop. What I ended up doing was watching many youtube videos like “How to Design a Bright Summer Music Festival Poster: Photoshop Tutorial” using step by step tutorials repeatedly practising till I gained the tools I needed to create my own.

Lastly Sound was a subject I knew near to nothing about, I knew how to use a zoom h4 and connect an XLR cable to it but you really underestimate the importance of the role. I took on the role for a number of projects including AyListTV’s comedy videos which took place outside and the talk show ‘This is Not BANTER- talk show’

Dave Rat, once the sound engineer of the Red hot chilli peppers said “Mixing sound in the live realm is not rocket science. In fact, it’s probably closer to voodoo.” 

highlighting the harsh reality of the sound industry, there will be many factors that will obstruct like filming outside for ‘AyList’ on a very windy day, I had to come with solutions on how to reduce the wind noise whether we cover the mic with a cloth or not for example so it’s not just about the equipment but me proactively using intuitive to get the best result.


blain brown (2012). cinematography theory and practice imagemaking for cinematographers & directors . 2nd ed. 225 Wyman Street, Waltham, MA 02451, USA The Boulevard, Langford Lane, Kidlington, Oxford, OX5 1GB, UK: focal press. 4.

DesignCuts. (2016). How to Design a Bright Summer Music Festival Poster: Photoshop Tutorial. Available: Last accessed 09-05-2017.

Keith Clark. (2015). Professional audio people say the darndest things — and here’s the proof…. Available: Last accessed 9th may.

Posted in Uncategorized

500-word​ professional experience

During the past few months, I applied for a few internships including SBTV Link up TV, BBC & ITV however, no institutions had gotten back to me which resulted in me doing freelance work instead. Overall I believe it to be a positive outcome as it gave me the opportunity to work on a diverse variety of projects from advertisements to documenting conferences enhancing the number of skills gained. 

Some of the projects I worked on included:

FUSE ODG Club Empire

The club needed a team to capture the performance of world known artist Fuse Odg to use it as a marketing tool for future events. That is where we came in as we were students willing to work for free, the club owners didn’t want pay for media coverage so it made us perfect candidates.

My duties firstly were to gather with the team to discuss the plan of the shoot. It was also to camera operate and to edit which took about a week in total but that is considering that I am not constantly editing. One of the challenges I faced was that clubbers tend to think you are the photographer and try to get your attention so that they can have their photo taken which does get annoying, also lighting is a gigantic challenge because clubs are extremely dim, you can’t set up Arri lights because that would be a hazard so instead all you can bring is an on camera flash light which only can really light the subject right in front.

Autism pin

This is a charity that focuses on the minorities with Autism mainly the black community. On the day, as the camera operator, one of my major challenged was making sure the autistic children would stop kicking my tripod, they found it hilarious but it was really difficult to have a steady shot. It definitely tested my patients so in future I will be able to deal with situations smoothly.

Falafel Corner + Shin Ramen (restaurants)

These two were separate jobs but I got the same knowledge out of it because they were both advertisements. My role again was camera operating, it encouraged me to think creatively with shots because these buildings can be quite boring to look at so the main question is how to spice it up so this marketing technique is successful.

I also had the opportunity to work on Glass Box Fashion show + YNKE Fashion promo

This is not BANTERTalk show, AyListenTV ComedyFuture Dance Music video + Dance class + Fusion Poster & an FMP

All the projects explored a variety of platforms from youtube to websites and school assembly environments even print as one company had asked me to make a poster for their event which I hadn’t done before so I watched a few tutorials online. so I am happy with the new found skill and hope to build on that.

YPFDJ Conference in Netherlands + Fenkil war event (uk)

This was the most exciting as it was abroad in Holland, it was a real professional environment, the Eritrean embassy in the UK recommended I took part so I quickly became a camera operator with headsets taking orders from the director and vision mixer on what shot and how to frame it during the conference with more than 650 people. It was meant to consist of 4 days from the 13th of April to the 17th however the mayor of the city ordered all the Eritreans to leave not only the hotel but the city which left 400 stranded including children and disabled, another 250 sent to Belgium a whole other country. This was a massive challenge because now we had to look for accommodation on good Friday which is almost impossible. None the less it was a great experience learnt how to work internationally rather than only the UK which will give my CV a bit more substance,


Posted in Professional Experience, Uncategorized

Proffesional Work Experience – …

Fuse ODG at Club Empire ( Shooting photography & Edit)

A club named Empire located in Coventry’s city centre had a known worldwide artist performing there. They needed the footage captured for future reference and also as a marketing tool to post on their social media

Autism pin (Camera operator)

Falafel shop advertisement  (Camer operator)

Fusion poster

Fenkil – Eritrean war event (Film & Edit)

YPFDJ conference in Netherlands (Camera Operator)

Shin ramen – Japanese restaurant (Camera Operator)

Fashion Show –

This is not banter -talk show 

Jeffrey popular comedians youtube channel (Sound operator)

YNKE fashion promotional video ( Film, sound & Edit )

Dance class Promotional video (Film and edit)

Dance music video (Film & Edit)

Posted in Global Experience, Uncategorized

Reflective Presentation



Pessoas de Lisboa

1. Professional Aims

We set out to better ourselves professionally,  this wasn’t an everyday opportunity, I needed to make the most of it. My aim was to put it on my portfolio so that future employers are impressed. Also to gain experience and enhance the skills I already had, Internationally I aim to meet people with different skill sets assemble contacts because I will gain more viewership on my work or even lead me into getting jobs. Circulation of my film entering it to festivals in hope of gaining recognition and critical acclaim. As a professional, I wanted to create awareness of a different way of life a UK audience may not be familiar with. Carrying Myself as a professional was exciting as we were based outside the university meaning we could take advantage of roles. I was the Cinematographer mainly and heavily contributed in building the idea.

2. Professional skills and educational benefits

Working with another language and putting subtitles was extremely difficult but was an educational process. I had the basic skills of editing but after this project it forced me to self study a bit more going through many youtube tutorials on how to do certain effects, especially with after effects because I wasn’t familiar with it. I wanted to make intro titles before every subject, it was successful but as a group we decided a simple look was better, but i’m grateful as now I have the skill to re-use in another project.

Being on the ball and ready is important as documentary is a very different environment to fiction films. Also Not cutting straight away as we noticed subjects say the most deep comments as soon as you stop rolling. This was annoying as it could of enhanced the film and on the editors point of view it can be annoying when the camera operator cuts early because it gives us less to play with. So always shoot more than you need.

Scheduling your time is important, it doesn’t matter that we are in a warm country, it was not a holiday so waking up early was a must in order to get everything done within the 5 days. It was worth it because filming allowed us to be adventurous rather than being on a beach all day not being productive.

On the first day we arrived a lens broke, we don’t know the causes but it was inside the luggage on the plane. This caused us to be extra cautious because we couldn’t afford another piece of equipment damaged. That obviously brought down our mood but keeping positive was key and motivating each other with great team work to get the best possible outcome.

We also forgot a camera battery meaning we had to think quickly, so instead we just recorded sound and got the visuals the next day.

3. Fieldwork Practises

Working abroad/ internationally is definitely a challenge, something I am not used to but a learning experience. The culture had its similarities and differences but after talking to locals and doing our own research beforehand we knew what is acceptable and what wasn’t. For example many Portuguese people find it rude if you try and communicate with them in Spanish because its disrespect you are basically insulting their identity. Luckily for us in the main city of Lisbon majority of people spoke english but we picked up a few basic Portuguese phrases to help us get around. We came across a problem, after attempting to interview some of the important elderly members in the community of Alfalma we had a huge language barrier. The older generation were less likely to know english and we found them to be more reserved due to their societies culture, this made it extremely difficult to make an authentic documentary so we ended up not using it even though it was probably the best shot. However, I didn’t leave empty handed as it gave me the skill of patients and understanding because previously I may have gotten frustrated that our preparations weren’t going to plan. Also laws on filming were important to check where and when we are aloud to film but it isn’t to different to England where we can film in public we just need consent, we can not go on private property and start filming without permission.

4. Global Experience

I’ve been effected on our trip to Lisbon, the influence on my work is evident, meeting many creatives from all over and even shocking. I was unaware of the discrimination to black people within the country and it and after a videographer/creative with dread locks told me that he struggles getting a conventional job because of his hair. It made me want to explore this issue in further detail, maybe in the future. Every single person that we had spoken to I now have on social media wether it be Facebook or Instagram making it convenient for any interactions in the future. Due to the fact we had release forms ensuring that participants had given content all their details are now on the sheet forming it to be easier to find a contact in the future if we every need them. I even had conversations with other artist about collaborating work when the come to the UK meaning we can be productive in whatever part of the world we are in if we keep on building contacts.

The idea was to portray the film with the words of the real people, we had a structure but weren’t afraid to go with the flow but to get that sense of realism we needed the people to almost take control and speak their truth. Artists Like Banksy mix political aspects with beautiful paintings on public building being able to express their true thoughts in their own way. Thats why we were excited to talk with the street artist John Douglas. We found him on Instagram before we went but hadn’t been able to get in contact with him, but we knew where his shop was set up. He creates art that connects with his ancestry history on red indians, every drawing is different. Freedom is what he feels when he paints and this was inspiring to us but we thought it may inspires too.

Overall we delivered our aims for the project, visually it is beautiful, we met various characters and made friends but also collaboration partners. I just wished I had managed my time better when it came to this and other modules because it definitely could of been edited better, we also were trying to stick to the brief with the 6 minute  time limit meaning we had to cut of a lot of other interesting people we had met however, a longer version was made that will be submitted to film festivals. This experience is inevitably an experience I’d want to go through again, a different country but transferring all the skill and knowledge gained constructing a project I’m even more proud of.


Posted in 260 MC, Uncategorized

Saw the maze & Flash Mobs…

Billions of creative ideas have already been done, it’s very useful to take away ideas which have been successful in the past and rebirth them with our own twist.  Saw The Live Maze an attraction in UK’s Thorpe park is a franchise of the 6 saw films. Elements like the actors gave the experience an authentic feel cementing the frightening factor. We plan to execute this element within our idea of the ‘Chronicle Experience’ satisfying people’s voyeuristic tendencies, giving participants the opportunity to feel the situation as if they had been through it.

The plan is to base the location outside because the greater public generate a ‘normal’ environment which automatically would set the scene. Acts similar to Flash mobs also provided influence for ‘Chronicle Experience’. The first flash mob was created 2003 in Manhattan originally designed to make some sort of cultural-political statement, seemingly pointless at the time but extremely entertaining. Now the craze is worldwide, even T-mobile has made flash mobs because it’s an innovative ways of advertising their company. Instead, our group will try and evolve the idea by adding an educational aspect as well where the history of Coventry will be highlighted, also the experience is more interactive because you only watch flash mobs where as the public in ‘Chronicle experience’ are the participants.

Another survey we made asked the public questions regarding their thoughts on walking for periods of time, if they exercise and if they enjoy augmented reality games such as Pokemon go. The answers we received from it effected the time and length of the course, what type of narratives we included, and even questioned our idea itself. For example, if a person hates walking we would make the distance shorter. Reasoning for why we did this is because if this is for the people of Coventry we need a product that reflects them and is beneficial for the growth of the community.


(1) Nick Sim. ( 2010 ). Review: SAW Alive Horror Maze at Thorpe Park.Available: Last accessed 22-03-17.

(2) Wonderopolis. (2013). What Is a Flash Mob?. Available: Last accessed 23-03-17.

(3) Mark Sweney. (2010). T-Mobile flashmob wins TV ad of year. Available: Last accessed 22-03-17.

(4) Misal Eskender. (2017). Chronicle Experience. Available: Last accessed 22-03-17.

Posted in Short Film yr2, Uncategorized

Short Film -P.s I stole your car- Reflection.

Taking on the role as the cinematographer was a chance to make my little individual stamp, after watching a few short films it is clear that good filmmakers develop their own style allowing the audience to recognise their brand. Savides, the DOP of ‘American Gangster’ starring Denzel Washington has said “I think that a film has to have just one style, one look, whatever that is” There is a need for stability, the frame shouldn’t be identical but should be uniform to an extent. The cinematography of the film will determine the mood and the meaning the viewer takes away, learning the impact my role had, it is not just choosing an angle. A BBC interview with Cohen, the cinematographer of ‘The Kings Speech’, when asked ‘what does a cinematographer do?’ answered “My job is to help the director realise what’s in his head. The cinematographer creates a consistent look for the film and makes images that help tell the story.” 

Never have I ever worked in a team of ten, appreciating the challenge because it finally handed opportunity to work in a professional environment, emphasising the chance in comprehending what each role requires. In all honesty before the module I would have thought ‘whats the point of having a cinematographer, camera operator or a gaffer, ‘one person can do all that right? In the midst of all this, it hit me how difficult it was, it’s not a matter of pushing a red button while shouting rolling.

“On most feature film sets, the cinematographer’s team is the biggest crew on the production, which means that the cinematographer has to interact and delegate with many production members. Fortunately, the “division of labor” on the set makes this a manageable task.”

Every single person is essential, my role is literally to imagine the image, think about how I want it to look, I would delegate roles to my team. On a bigger set, communicative skills are crucial when for example, passing information through to the gaffer onto the best boy and then the spark ensuring lightings acceptable conforming to the mood’s conventions for the scene and overall film. However, in our case, we had fewer people so one person took charge of lighting, managing by all working conjunctly to achieve exactly the look we desired.

Considering my new found awareness of how little I actually knew abouRule of thirds.pngt my role and the others I binged watched numerous youtube videos on what skills I need to be a decent DOP. Richarch Michalak emphasised the value of ‘mastering composition’ gr
asping the main rule of thumb and then bending the rules. Also not being boring by placing everything in the centre using tools like ‘Rule of thirds’ to cement the visual gratification.

To practise my technique while growing professionally I’d bring a camera to the location scout, take some shots, I also formed a storyboard so I could visualise my thoughts making sure everyone knows what is going on at any one time.

In the industry, there was a system ‘in previous decades’, whereby you needed loads of money to get your work printed and advertised before consumers even got to lay their eyes on it. “the main stumbling block for independent filmmakers operating within the low budget and DIY realms was always distribution.” Not too long ago VHS and DVD’s were a necessity, imagine the cost of printing just to enable you to reach a wide audience but even then profit is not guaranteed.  Moving towards the present web 2.0,  YouTube, Vimeo, Hulu and facebook are some of the tools used for effective but cheap distribution making it easier to gain viewership.

From the get go our crew discussed briefly how to go about the distributing, ‘P.s I stole your car’ would be entered in film festivals. Prior to this task uni projects was something you do then it’s over but that’s only the beginning. Studying other short films such as ‘The strange thing about the Johnsons’ and ‘Hageraseb’ they both went down the route of film festivals slowly revealing it to the world as weeks go on gradually acknowledging more critical acclaim. To be considered, an EPK would have to be created and that is exactly what we did. “Smart movie making means figuring out a marketing and distributing plan before you begin” Ideally putting research into “what genres are selling and what genres” distributers “feel will be hot in a year.”  That’s one of our mistakes because now we will have to look for festivals that meet our requirements rather than us meeting theirs limiting our options. Also, many film festivals such as sundance recommend shorter films,”you might find yourself in more festivals if you make a 5 minute short versus a 15 minute one. A lot of this is simply down to the math involved. If two movies are of similar quality, and both deserve to be in the festival, it’s only logical that the shorter film has a better shot” P.s I stole your car is touching 15 minutes so if the movie isn’t mind blowing/revolutionary then the chances of making it into festivals are slim. For next time I know during the pre-production stage a list of every little detail will have to be made to ensure we don’t forget or underestimate the importance of each task.

“A 2009 report by stradella road showed that 80% of those surveyed said they were more likely to see movie after hearing a positive review from other moviegoers.” Leading us to showcase the rough edit to the class observing their reactions and taking in their feedback. If they liked it they would talk to their friends about it generating a buzz that may spread around the university to then grow nationwide.

Electronic press kit consists of …

  • Teaser / Trailer
  • Film poster
  • Synopsis
  • Format information
  • Cast / crew bios
  • Contact details

Physical press kits with hard copies have almost completely gone out of style and have been replaced by the electronic press kit. Short films may present their EPK in PDF form like ‘Run’Screen Shot 2017-03-28 at 4.19.33 AM.png but we wanted it to be interactive, we decided to create a website, Converging Trailers, posters and Crew Bios into one place that is easily accessible stirring a buzz.

The polished product is far from perfect but nonetheless victorious. The sound is not consistent which was a problem, messy external sound was a struggle to clean up. Visually every shot was very planned out from the production design to the frame composition following the conventions of the narrative genre ‘drama’ using quite dark/natural colour schemes in terms of lighting and prop colours. There may have been an overuse of drone shots within the editing and an issue on my part was the lack of creative transitional shots from scene to scene. I’ve improved professionally enhancing my confidence and encouraging me to make further projects in the future aware of what it takes to be a DOP make a short film and what needs to happen next time for it to be even more successful than what it was this time round.


Wandering Gio. (2015). Visual style: Cinematographers on cinematography. Available: Last accessed 22-03-17.

Danny Cohen. (2011). What is a cinematographer?. Available: Last accessed 22-03-17

GABE MOURA. (2014). THE CINEMATOGRAPHER’S CREW: Lights, Camera, Repeat!. Available: Last accessed 22-03-17.

Richard Michalak. (2012). Cinematography Learn from a Master.Available: Last accessed 01-02-17.

Jason J. Tomaric (2008). The Power Filmmaking Kit. united states of America: Focal press. 385.

Joe Marine. (2013). Is There an Ideal Length for a Film Festival Short?.Available: Last accessed 22-03-17.

Nolwenn Mingant, Cecilia Tirtaine, Joel Augros. (2015). Leaked Information and rumours. In:  Film Marketing into the TWENTY-FIRST CENTURY. UK: British film institute. 97-111.

Nolwenn Mingant, Cecilia Tirtaine, Joel Augros. (2015). B. In: Brave new Films, Brave new ways. Film Marketing into the TWENTY-FIRST CENTURY. UK: British film institute. 97-111.

Film Sourcing. (). Electronic Press Kit Tutorial for Film. Available: Last accessed 22-03-17.

Heather McDonald. (2017). What Is an Electronic Press Kit (EPK)?.Available: Last accessed 22-03-17.

Zia Mohajerjasbi. (2016). HAGERESEB – Short Film – dir. Zia Mohajerjasbi. Available: Last accessed 22-03-17.

Ari Aster. (2015). The strange Thing about the Johnson’s (2011).Available: Last accessed 23-03-17.